The UNESCO website has confirmed that Irina Bokova has won the Executive Board election to be Director General of UNESCO.
I have three independent unofficial reports from reliable sources that Irina Bokova received 31 votes to 27 votes for Farouk Hosny in the fifth round of voting for the position of UNESCO Director General. Having received the majority of votes from the 58 members of the Executive Board, her name will be forwarded to the General Conference.
- Bulgarian Who Is to Lead Unesco Advocates Political Pluralism
- Irina Bokova: My election for Director General of UNESCO is a success for Eastern Europe
- Bulgarian New UNESCO Leader Irina Bokova Vows Reforms
- WHO IS WHO: Bulgaria UNESCO Chief Candidate Irina Bokova
- Irina Gueorguieva Bokova, nueva directora general de la Unesco
- Bulgarian beats Egyptian for top Unesco job
- Unesco - Finalement la Bulgare Bokova bat le controversé Hosni
- After Uproar, Unesco Rejects Egyptian
- Unesco får bulgarsk chef
- UNESCO bekommt eine Chefin
- Candidato do Brasil para a Unesco é derrotado
- Egypt Intellectuals: Jewish Lobby Elected Bulgarian Bokova UNESCO Head
- Polêmico candidato egípcio perde eleição na Unesco
- فاروق حسنى يخسر رئاسة اليونسكو أمام «بوكوفا» البلغارية
- Egyptian Candidate Loses UNESCO Vote to Bulgarian
- After Uproar, Unesco Rejects Egyptian
- Farouk Hosni accuse l'Unesco d'être "politisée"
- Comment la Bulgare Irina Bokova a été élue à l'Unesco
- Egypt bloggers sound out on Hosni’s UNESCO bid
- Bulgarian defeats favourite in UNESCO election
- Egyptian official blames Jews for UNESCO loss
- Califican de "honorable" la batalla de Faruk Hosni para UNESCO
- Egypt's press outraged by Farouk Hosni's election defeat
- The world won with UNESCO … and lost
- Arab world divided over reasons behind Hosni's UNESCO loss
- Egypt bitter about UNESCO vote
- لا فشله هزيمة ولا فوزه انتصار – فهمي هويدي
- فاروق حسني لـ«المصري اليوم»: عدت لأكمل مشروعاتي الكبرى وللرد على هجوم اليهود
- Warum die Unesco-Wahl ein Skandal ist
- "Parler d'un 'Lobby juif' actif contre Hosni : cela ne me choque pas du tout !"
- A Post-mortem on UNESCO Director- General Election
- Egyptian minister declares 'culture war' on Israel
- The Right Head for Unesco
- Hosni's UNESCO Loss
- Editorial: A miss is as good as a mile
- UNESCO must reclaim science leadership
- Egypt's Press Outraged by Farouk Hosni's Election Defeat (video)
- Irina Bokova, la nouvelle dame de l'Unesco
Elaph.com, an Arabic-language Web site, published Saturday what it said were private admissions by Mr. Hosny that when he was the Egyptian cultural attaché in Rome, he helped to organize the escape from Italy in 1985 of the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro. In that episode, a retired American Jewish tourist in a wheelchair was shot and pushed into the sea, horrifying much of the world.
Indications of his involvement in the escape of Abu Abbas appear to be widely available in the Arabic literature:
Farouk Hosny was the Director of the Egyptian Academy in Rome when he was tapped, two years after the Achille Lauro affair, to become Minister of Culture. According to Zahi Hawass, the Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council on Antiquities, while in Rome
Farouk Hosni was not well known by the public, but he was known and respected as a talented artist within the cultural community. Several reporters visited Farouk Hosni in Rome including my friend Mostafa El Nagar and Ahmed Abu Kaf. When they were interviewing Farouk Hosni he confided in them that Atef Sedky wanted him to be Egypt’s minister of culture but he did not want the job. Upon hearing this Abu Kaf said to Mustafa that Farouk Hosni was dreaming and there was no way he could be the minister of culture. Many people wanted to be the minister of culture including famous writers and journalists.
On October 7, 1985, led by Abu Abbas, men representing the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) took control of the liner off Egypt as she was sailing from Alexandria to Port Said. After being refused permission to dock at Tartus, the hijackers killed disabled American passenger Leon Klinghoffer and then threw him overboard. The ship headed back towards Port Said, and after two days of negotiations, the hijackers agreed to abandon the liner in exchange for safe conduct and were flown towards Tunisia aboard an Egyptian commercial airliner.
United States President Ronald Reagan ordered that the plane be intercepted and directed to land at Naval Air Station Sigonella, a N.A.T.O. base in Sicily, where four hijackers were arrested by the Italians after a disagreement between American and Italian authorities. The other passengers on the plane (possibly including the hijackers' leader, Abu Abbas) were allowed to continue on to their destination, despite protests by the United States. Egypt demanded an apology from the U.S. for forcing the airplane off course. Italy refused extradition of the prisoners to the United States and they were tried in Italy.
The fate of those convicted of the hijacking was varied:
- Bassam al-Asker was granted parole in 1991. He died on February 21, 2004.
- Ahmad Marrouf al-Assadi disappeared in 1991 while on parole.
- Youssef Majed al-Molqi, convicted of killing Leon Klinghoffer , was sentenced to 30 years, left the Rebibbia prison in Rome on February 16, 1996, on a 12-day furlough, and fled to Spain, where he was recaptured and extradited back to Italy. On April 29, 2009, Italian officials released him from prison on good behaviour. In June 2009, however, al-Molqui's attorney told the Associated Press that the Italian authorities had placed his client in a holding cell and were about to deport him to Syria.
- Abu Abbas left the jurisdiction of Italy and was convicted in absentia. In 1996, he made an apology for the hijacking and murder, and spoke out in favor of peace talks between Palestinians and Israel; the apology was rejected by the U.S. government and Klinghoffer's family, who insisted he be brought to justice. Abbas was captured in Iraq in 2003 by the U.S. military during its 2003 invasion of Iraq. He died in U.S. custody March 8, 2004.
- Ibrahim Fatayer Abdelatif was sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. He served 20 and three more on parole and on July 7, 2008, he was expelled from an illegal immigrant detention center in Rome. He plans to appeal this arguing that he has nowhere else to go since Lebanon will not allow his return as he was born in a refugee camp and is thus not a Lebanese citizen.
According to the New York Times:
If the vote remains tied on Tuesday, the 193-member General Conference will choose a new director general next month, and Mr. Hosny is expected to win in the larger body, where Egypt is thought to have more influence.Here are some articles following the tie on the 4th round:
- Unesco: Hosni (Egypte) et Bokova (Bulgarie) à égalité, un 5e tour nécessaire
- Unesco: une finale entre l'Egyptien Farouk Hosni et une diplomate bulgar
- Direction de l'Unesco: une finale entre l'Egyptien Hosni et une diplomate bulgare
- Les deux derniers candidats à l'Unesco au coude à coude
- Carrilho não vota no candidato a director-geral da UNESCO
- In Fourth Round of Voting, 2 Candidates Tie in Race for Unesco Director General
- Will UNESCO Be Faithful to Its Values?
- UNESCO on the Brink Again
- Fraud allegations at UNESCO race
- Bataille à l'Unesco pour barrer la route à l'Egyptien Hosni
- Why Tanzanian pulled out of race for Unesco top post
|Voting for the UNESCO Director General|
|Candidate||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 4|
I heard a rumor that Ivonne Baki has withdrawn from the election for the new Director General of UNESCO. That would leave the voting among three candidates, Farouk Hosny, Irina Bokova and Mohammed Bedjaoui. The last of these three has not received a single vote in the first three rounds and would appear to be a very dark horse.
- Unesco recherche directeur
- Simone Veil: «Il faut à l’Unesco une personnalité forte et qui soit garante d’ouverture»
- Tour décisif pour l'élection à la direction de l'Unesco
- Unesco : l'Egyptien Farouk Hosni jauge ses chances lors d'un 4e tour
- Direttore generale Unesco: Vernetti,“Il Governo ripensi la propria posizione e non voti l'egiziano Hosni,
antisemita ed illiberale”.
- CNSNews.com Arab Who Vowed to Burn Israeli Books Still Leads Race to Head U.N. Culture Agency
- Ivonne Baki retira su candidatura a Directora de UNESCO
- EU Commissioner Ferrero-Waldner Withdraws from UNESCO Run
- Comissária europeia abandona corrida à liderança da UNESCO
- Direction de l'Unesco: l'Autrichienne Benita Ferrero-Waldner retire sa candidature
- UNESCO-Chef: Ferrero-Waldner gibt auf
- EU external affairs commissioner quits race for top job
- Arab Who Vowed to Burn Israeli Books Still Leads Race to Head U.N. Culture Agency
- Farouk Hosny
- Irina Bokova
- Ivonne Baki
|Voting for UNESCO Director General|
|Candidate||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3|
The fourth round is scheduled for Monday 21 September at 6.30 p.m.
- Vote for top job goes to fourth round, impasse continues
- Unesco undecided on new leader
- Elección de director general de la UNESCO pasa a cuarta vuelta el lunes
- Election du DG de l'Unesco: aucun candidat n'a obtenu la majorité requise
- UNESCO fails again to elect new boss
- Farouk Hosni, Nicolas Sarkozy and “The Mediterranean Union ”
From left to right:
- Nouréini TIDJANI-SERPOS (Benin)
- Farouk HOSNY (Egypt)
- Benita FERRERO-WALDNER (Austria)
- Ina MARČIULIONYTĖ (Lithuania)
- The Chairman of UNESCO’s Executive Board, Ambassador Olabiyi Babalola Joseph Yaï (Benin)
- Ivonne JUEZ de A. BAKI (Ecuador)
- Mohammed BEDJAOUI (Algeria)
- Irina Gueorguieva BOKOVA (Bulgarie)
- Alexander Vladimirovich YAKOVENKO (Russian Federation)
- Sospeter Mwijarubi MUHONGO (United Republic of Tanzania)
Farouk Hosny 23
Benita Ferrero-Walder 9
Ivonne Baki 8
Irina Bokova 8
Ina Marciulionyte 4
Alexander Yakovenko 3
Noureini Tidjani-Serpos 2
Sospeter Muhongo 1
Mohammed Bedjaoui 0
As compared with the first round, Ferrero-Waldner gained two votes, Farouk Hosny, Ivonne Baki and Ina Marciulionyte gained one vote each, and Alexander Yakovenko dropped four votes. The was one blank ballot on the first round, and none on the second.
I got this information from three independent sources.
Press coverage of the second round:
- UNESCO fails to produce new Director-General on 2nd voting
- Unesco fails again to elect new head
- UNESCO fails - again - to elect new director-general
- Unesco Elections: Controversial Egyptian Farouk Hosni set to win
- Ирина Бокова остана трета при втория тур за избор на директор на ЮНЕСКО (Bulgarian)
- Литва отозвала кандидатуру И.Марчюлените на пост директора ЮНЕСКО
- Jewish activists concerned ahead of UNESCO vote
- Farouk Hosni ne parvient pas à prendre la tête de l'Unesco au premier tour
- Egypt: UN candidate regrets attack on Israel
- Anti-Semitism row overshadows UNESCO leader vote
- UNESCO : le lynchage abscons de Farouk Abd-El-Aziz Hosni.
- Disputa por candidato egipcio remece votación para jefe UNESCO
- Rallying support at UNESCO
- Egyptian leads race for Unesco post
- EU Commissioner Ferro-Waldner out of UNESCO DG race (I have not been able to confirm this story, and I suspect it may be malicious.)
- Will book-burning comments block Unesco candidate?
- Anti-Semitic remarks cloud Egypt's UNESCO bid
- Final stretch at UNESCO
- Cairo nominee for Unesco chief stirs controversy
- Deutschland will Hosni verhindern
- Editorial : Farouk Hosni for UNESCO: A catch 22
- UN culture body split over Egyptian
- Direction de l'Unesco: la France doit "éclaircir" sa position
- French Minister for Foreign Affairs embarrassed by Farouk Hosni's bid on UNESCO (video interview in French)
- Unesco undecided on new leader
- Russian deputy foreign minister leaves race to lead UNESCO
- Россия сняла с выборов своего кандидата на пост главы ЮНЕСКО
- Заступник голови МЗС РФ відмовився від боротьби за посаду гендиректора ЮНЕСКО (Ukranian)
- Unesco: sarà un censore egiziano il nuovo direttore generale?
- Voting for UNESCO chief moves into fourth round
- Science sidelined by politics in UNESCO elections
- Three contenders remain for top UNESCO post
- Candidat à la présidence de l’UNESCO, Farouk Hosni poursuit la censure en Egypte
- Egyptian leads race to head Unesco
- Direttore generale Unesco: Vernetti,“Il Governo ripensi la propria posizione e non voti l'egiziano Hosni, antisemita ed illiberale”.
Farouk Hosny, the Egyptian candidate as expected had most votes, but was far from the majority of 30 needed to be selected.
Irina Bokova (Bulgaria), Alexander Yakovenko (Russia), Ivonne Baki (Ecuador) and Benita Ferrero-Waldner (Austria) were bunched with 7 or 8 votes each.
The remaining candidates (Marciulionyte, Muhongo, Tadjani and Bedjaoui) were far behind.
I understand that there is to be another vote tomorrow.
Recall that the Executive Board has some 60 items on its agenda so the delegates have a great deal to do beside the election of a new Director General.
Remember, that the rules allow the voting to end when any candidate gets a majority on a ballot. If that has not happened by the fourth vote, the voting in the fifth round is limited to the two candidates who received the most votes on the fourth.
- "Science sidelined by politics in UNESCO elections"
- "First round of vote fails to elect Unesco head"
- "Alleged anti-Semite close to being named head of Unesco" which sites an unnamed source who stated that Farouk Hosny received 22 votes.
- "UNESCO-Chef: Ferrero-Waldner bei erstem Wahlgang auf dem Podium"
- "UNESCO no logra elegir al director general en primera vuelta"
- "Farouk Hosni devra patienter pour prendre la tête de l'Unesco"
- "UNESCO-Wahl: Ferrero-Waldner weiter im Rennen"
- "Ivonne Baki Solo Consigue 7 Votos para la UNESCO"
- "Un premier tour pour rien"
- "No Winner in First Round of Votes for Unesco Chief"
- "UNESCO: Ferrero-Waldner noch im Rennen"
- "Bulgaria UNESCO Director Nominee Stands 2nd after 1st Round"
- "UNESCO nu are director general după primul (Romanian)
- "Egyptian candidate leads UNESCO vote"
- "So far Marciulionyte gets just 3 votes in UNESCO head elections"
- "Sources say Farouk Hosni winning UNESCO vote"
After a long debate on Friday and Monday, Mohammed Bedjaoui was included in the interviews. The Algerian, nominated by the Government of Cambodia, had sought to withdraw from the race but his resignation was apparently not accepted. Apparently he made a strong impression on the Board -- not surprisingly due to his impressive career.
The voting is to take place on Thursday, September 17. You may recall that if a candidate does not obtain the majority of votes on any of the first four ballots, then the fifth ballot is to be limited to the top two candidates on the fourth ballot.
We will soon know who will get the nod from the Executive Board, to be recommended to the entire General Conference which meets in October.
While Farouk Hosny, the Egyptian Minister of Culture, continues to claim leadership in the race, others suggest it is still open, with several contenders having a chance for selection.